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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 192-197

Assessment of periodontal status among the outpatients attending private university dental clinics in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia


Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Osamah Mohammed AI Mugeiren
Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Box: 84891, Riyadh 11681
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_152_18

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Aim of the Study: The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of gingivitis and periodontitis among dental outpatients attending Munisiya Clinics of Riyadh Elm University using CPI criteria and also to compare the results with age, gender, systemic condition, smoking, and the use of oral hygiene measures. Materials and Methods: The periodontal status of 214 (90 male and 124 female) patients selected from outpatient's clinics in Munisiya Campus of Riyadh Elm University was evaluated according to the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) criteria. A close-ended, self-administered questionnaire recorded the patient's personal characteristics (age, gender, systemic condition, smoking, and the use of oral hygiene measures). The study population comprised three age groups – Group I: consisted of 148 patients aged 20–34 years old, Group II: consisted of 39 patients aged 35–49 years old, and Group III: consisted of 27 patients aged 50–64 years old. Data were collected tabulated and statistically analyzed to compare between all groups. Results: Our results showed that age and smoking status were considered significant factors associated with periodontitis. Furthermore, the highest prevalence of gingivitis was among younger age groups, while the highest prevalence of periodontitis was among older age groups. Furthermore, the highest prevalence of gingivitis and periodontitis was seen among males compared to female population. Conclusions: Smoking and diabetes mellitus were strongly associated with periodontitis. Moreover, irregular oral hygiene measures were considered among the risk factors of gingivitis and periodontitis.


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