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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 293-298

Oral health-related quality of life and a number of remaining teeth among elderly in Tha-bar-wa center, Thanlyin Township, Yangon, Myanmar

Master of Public Health Office, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kyaw Zarni Tun
Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok
Dr. Pyae Linn Aung
Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_189_18

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Objective: This cross-sectional survey is aimed to reveal oral health-related quality of life among the neglected elders, aged 60 years old and older, living in an elderly home. Materials and Methods: Survey was conducted at the elderly home of Tha-Bar-Wa Center, Thanlyin township, Yangon, Myanmar. Study participants (n = 146) were selected using systematic random sampling. Interview questionnaire and standard questionnaire of oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) were used to collect data and measured oral health-related quality of life. Dental status was assessed by visual inspection of one researcher throughout the survey. Descriptive statistics, t-test, or analysis of variance (ANOVA) was analyzed to demonstrate mean difference and multiple regression for statistically relationships. Results: Unacceptable level of oral health knowledge (72, 49.3%) and practice (83, 56.8%) were determined, regardless of the acceptable level of attitude (114, 78.1%). OHIP-14 scores range in 0–40, with mean standard deviation (SD) of 18.7 (9.7). Numbers of remaining teeth range in 0–32, with mean SD of 13.6 (8.6). OHIP-14 scores were significantly different between the age groups (60–64 and ≥70) (P = 0.006), living with partner or alone (P = 0.020), having >19 teeth to those being edentulous and those having ≤19 teeth (P < 0.001) and as of unacceptable or acceptable knowledge levels (P = 0.022). Significant negative relationship between number of remaining teeth and score of OHIP-14 was found when controlled for age in the year (β = −0.558, 95% CI = −0.828–−0.496, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Oral health-related quality of life in this group of neglected elders was averagely low and systematic oral health care is evidently in need.

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