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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 18-21

Community empowerment program to elevate dental and oral health knowledge and toothbrushing habitual on mothers of subdistrict area


Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Agung Sosiawan
Mayjend. Prof. Moestopo No. 47, Surabaya, East Java
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_222_18

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Context: Based on the results of preliminary observations to 110 mothers in subdistrict area in Trawas, the average value of Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMF-T) was 7.37. One of the factors causing the number of dental caries is the wrong toothbrushing habits, including how and when to brush teeth. The mothers, by their wrong brushing way, had a percentage of above average (7.37) DMF-T, higher than those who brushed teeth in the right way. Aims: This empowerment program aimed to make mothers of this subdistrict area are able to explain in a proper brushing time and demonstrate how to brush the teeth properly. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study conducted with 75 respondents of mothers aged 20–50 years. The program contains of dental health education counseling, demonstration, and evaluation with pretest-posttest study design. The statistical analysis for this study using SPSS 17 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois). Results: This program ran smoothly, as evidenced by the enthusiasm of participants in each session of the program. It can be seen with the quality of questions raised by mothers, and program evaluation of questions posed was successfully answered by mothers who had previously done the empowerment. Moreover, the increased score of posttest, compared to the pretest result. Conclusions: This program is effective to elevating the dental and oral health knowledge of mothers in the subdistrict area.


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