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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 74-79

Compare and evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of sodium hypochlorite and Calendula officinalis against Streptococcus mutans as a root canal irrigating solution: An in vivo study


Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodntics, Maratha Mandal’s Nathajirao G Halgekar Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Belagaum, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Viraj S Yalgi
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodntics, Maratha Mandal’s Nathajirao G Halgekar Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Belagaum, Karnataka.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_164_19

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Aim: Elimination of microorganisms should be of priority in the treatment of any endodontic pathogenic process. The prevalence of microorganisms within the root canal will not cause treatment failures but the absence of microorganisms will certainly lead to success. Materials and Methods: In vivo study was conducted to compare the antibacterial effectiveness of sodium hypochlorite and Calendula officinalis against Streptococcus mutans as root canal irrigants. A total of 40 subjects (older than 18 years of age) were selected with single-rooted teeth, necrotic pulp, and chronic apical periodontitis. Access preparation was carried out, canal was negotiated and sample was taken with paper points before biomechanical preparation. After cleaning and shaping with ProTaper files, irrigation was carried out with sodium hypochlorite and C. officinalis, and was then neutralized with saline and then second sample was taken. Both samples were sent for culturing in pre-reduced medium. Mitis salivarius agar was used for S. mutans, and then calculation of the number of colony forming units per milliliter reduced transport fluid was carried out. Results: The results of the study showed good antibacterial potential for both the medicaments used. Conclusion: Sodium hypochlorite remains the gold standard for bacterial elimination in root canal therapy; however, C. officinalis also has shown promising results and may require further investigation.


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