Journal of International Oral Health

: 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 187--188

Fear and anxiety-coping strategies during COVID-19 pandemic in lockdown

Rushabh Jayeshbhai Dagli 
 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Jodhpur 302033, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rushabh Jayeshbhai Dagli
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Jodhpur 302033, Rajasthan

How to cite this article:
Dagli RJ. Fear and anxiety-coping strategies during COVID-19 pandemic in lockdown.J Int Oral Health 2020;12:187-188

How to cite this URL:
Dagli RJ. Fear and anxiety-coping strategies during COVID-19 pandemic in lockdown. J Int Oral Health [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 5 ];12:187-188
Available from:

Full Text

The biological bases of fear and anxiety are dependent on the major brain structures, and neuronal circuits involved in emotional information processing and behavior are demarcated. Emotional and cognitive processes cannot be dissociated, even when considering such a basic emotion as fear or anxiety.[1] Extended periods of lockdown and inability to go out of home for more days itself are stressful for COVID-19 noninfected individuals. The cognitive apprehension of COVID-19 pandemic situations is critically involved in emotional distress and also influences coping strategies or defense mechanisms.

Doctors and hospitals are available on priority for COVID-19 patients, and mental health issues are usually not given priority till COVID-19 cases are on rise. Young and working individuals have further stress due to responsibility of family care, future career, and financial needs. Psychologically, when the living environment changes to compulsory lockdown, people feel uneasy and anxious.[2]

When the possible causes of spread for epidemic is not clear, close-minded attitudes and rumors often increase. Fear and stigma lead to further negative behavior. For example, an Indian person who was suspected to have COVID-19 infection was so fearful to spread the virus that he committed suicide.[3]

It is essential to have a brief idea of available methods to remain away from fear and anxiety in lockdown. The options of coping are not exactly similar to routine conditions. It is needed to understand the difference of coping methods. There are options with self home care–based approach as described in [Table 1].{Table 1}


I am thankful to Rashtra Sant Param Gurudevshree Namramuni Maharajsahaeb for keeping the book “Shree Uvasaggaharam Strotra” available, providing valuable guidance and inspiration.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


1Steimer T. The biology of fear- and anxiety-related behaviors. Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2002;4:231-49.
2Shigemura J, Ursano RJ, Morganstein JC, Kurosawa M, Benedek DM. Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci2020;74:281-2.
3India Today. Andhra man wrongly thinks he has coronavirus, kills self to protect village. Available from: [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 3].
4National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD). Division of Viral Diseases. Page last reviewed: April 9, 2020. Available from: [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 10].
5How to Manage and Reduce Stress. London, UK: Mental Health Foundation. Available from: [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 3].
6Pratikraman Sutra Book. Raleigh, NC: JAINA Education Committee Federation of Jain Associations in North America. 1st ed. 2014. p. 50-2. Available from:$jes941_pratikraman_sutra_book_in_english_000249_data.pdf. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 8].
7Yug Diwakar Pujya Gurudevshree Namramuni Maharajsahaeb. Shree Uvasaggahar Stotra. 1st ed. Mumbai, India: Parasdham. 2011. Available from [Last accessed on 2020 Mar 25].