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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 197-201

Oral health status and dental treatment needs of sensory-impaired children of Satara District, India


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
K M Shivakumar
School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad - 415 110, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_158_17

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Background: The physiological deficit can often lead to disability and one of the major population groups of disabled children includes the children with hearing impairment. In India, people with disability may be with one or more of its kind which is equal to 2.1% of the population of the country. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the oral hygiene status, dental caries levels, and periodontal status among the sensory-impaired children. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 150 disabled children aged 5–22 years attending a school for the sensory impaired children of Satara district, India. The subjects were examined using Type III clinical examination. Oral hygiene status by oral hygiene index-simplified (OHI-S), decayed, missing, and filled teeth/surface (DMFT/S) index, periodontal status by community periodontal index, and dentition status and treatment needs were assessed. ANOVA and Chi-square test were used and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The highest component of DMFT/dmft was the decayed component, with a mean of 2.71 ± 1.92. The P < 0.05 was statistically significant. The Calculus Index-Simplified and OHI-S index showed a significant difference between males and females of the study population (P < 0.05, S). Of 150 subjects examined, 72.6% subjects needed one surface filling, while 21.3% needed two surface fillings, 15.3% needed pit and fissure sealant application, 10% needed pulp care, and 6% needed tooth extraction. Conclusion: There is an alarming situation for dental diseases among special children. Hence, it is recommended to encourage their parents and school teachers to promote and improve their dental health.


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