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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 222-227

Knowledge of community pharmacists regarding oral health care in Plateau State, Northern Nigeria

1 Regional Center for Oral Health Research and Training Initiatives for Africa, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
2 Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Walden University, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

Correspondence Address:
Olaniyi O Taiwo
Regional Center for Oral Health Research and Training Initiatives (RCORTI) for Africa, Jos, No. 3 CBN Road, PMB 2067, Jos, Plateau State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_184_17

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Aims: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge of oral health of community pharmacists (CPs) in Plateau State, Northern Nigeria, serving as a template upon which they can be engaged as a medium to improve oral health care among the people. Materials and Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional study on CPs spanning the entire State. Results: CPs (113) were recruited as participants. A one-sample t-test showed good knowledge of oral health by the CPs: mean = 17.2, standard deviation (SD) = 2.44, t (112) = 5.14, P < 0.001. Independent sample t-test showed statistically significant differences in mean oral health knowledge of CPs who stock oral health-care products (mean = 17.3, SD = 2.4) than those who did not: (mean) = 13, (SD) = 1.41, t (111) = 2.50, P = 0.014. A multiple regression analysis also showed stocking oral health products as the only statistically significant predictor of knowledge score. Organizing workshops and seminars on oral health (63%) were the most common suggestion by the CPs on how knowledge of oral health can be improved among them. Conclusion: CPs may be effectively employed in oral health promotion because patients frequently contact them and regularly ask for their advice on both general and oral health-care. It would be beneficial to empower them through trainings and access to oral health information so as to help them take a more active and integrated role as part of a multidisciplinary health-care team attending to the oral health concerns of the people.

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