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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 280-286

Association between chronic periodontitis and oral health–related quality of life in Indian adults


Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary University (SGT University), Gurugram, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shalini Kapoor
Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Chandu-Budhera, Gurugram–Badli Road, Gurugram 122505, Haryana.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_50_19

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Aims and Objectives: To assess the marked effect of periodontal conditions on oral health–related quality of life in the population of India. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 450 participants, with specific age group 30–60 years, residing in the Gurugram District, Haryana, through various camps conducted by the Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Gurugram, both in rural and urban areas. The data collection included a combination of clinical examination for the assessment of oral health status and questionnaire administration. Two pretested questionnaires and significant oral findings were the sources of data collection. Age and gender were calculated with correlation quality of life as P > 0.05. Prevalence of oral impacts with severity of periodontitis was analyzed using chi-square test and analysis of variance. Results: The severity of periodontal disease has a direct effect on oral health–related quality of life. Oral impact prevalence was found to be 59% and 81% in participants with moderate periodontitis and/or severe periodontitis, respectively. The extent and severity were also found to be proportional to the severity of periodontitis. Conclusion: Oral health–related quality of life worsens with the extension in severity of chronic periodontitis.


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