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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 231-235

Carbohydrate intake and dental caries status in preschool children in Bantul District, Yogyakarta, Indonesia: A cross-sectional study

Dental Hygiene Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Miss. Leny P Arie Sandy
Dental Hygiene Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta, Denta Sekip Utara 1 Sleman Yogyakarta, 55281.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JIOH.JIOH_67_19

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Aim: The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of carbohydrate intake habits for the incidence of dental caries in preschool children at the Aisyiyah Bustanul Athfal Kindergarten in Bantul District, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: This presented analytic study comprised 74 children and their mothers. Samples were obtained by purposive sampling in preschool students aged 3–6 years. Dental caries assessed using the Decay, Missing, Filling Teeth (DMF-T) index and the food diet assessed using a diet recall questionnaire with data analysis using the NutriSurvey 2007 software. Data were analyzed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software using a chi-square test and logistic regression. Results: The result of this study showed a relationship between carbohydrate consumption and dental caries status, P = 0.01 (P ≤ 0.05). The results showed high rates of caries of children teeth 96%, of 74 students found 71 students had caries and had a history of consuming carbohydrate intake > 10% in 1 day 89% (65 student). Conclusion: Carbohydrate intake caused risk in dental caries in preschool children (P = 0.01). The majority of subjects (92%) were found to have experienced dental caries and had a habit of consuming carbohydrates >10% of total energy in 1 day. The subjects (67%) who were found to be caries free had a habit of consuming carbohydrates <10% of total energy in 1 day.

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