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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 319-325

Factors that influence the retention and turnover of dental professionals: Suggestion for Pacific nations


1 School of Public Health and Primary Care, Fiji National University (FNU), Suva, Fiji
2 Colonial War Memorial Hospital, Suva, Fiji
3 Rakiraki District Hospital, Rakiraki, Fiji

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Masoud Mohammadnezhad
School of Public Health and Primary Care, Fiji National University (FNU), Suva.
Fiji
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JIOH.JIOH_341_20

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Aim: The aim of this article was to identify factors that influence the retention and turnover of dental professionals and to provide a suggestion for Pacific nations. Materials and Methods: A literature survey was conducted for the full-text English articles which looked at factors that influence the retention and turnover of dental professionals, from January 1, 2000 to October 31, 2020. Results: In total, 328 papers were retrieved, which reduced to 282 following removal of duplicates. The abstracts were screened using the eligibility criteria; 36 were found to match the criteria. After screening the full-text articles, 24 were excluded, resulting in a total of 12 articles. The significant findings and conclusions were extracted and grouped under themes. Conclusion: Factors that have been found to motivate and retain staff in the workforce include good patient relationship and opportunities for further studies and career advancements. In contrast, work stress, musculoskeletal disease, and fragile patient–dentist relationship were found to demotivate dental professionals. Furthermore, the results of such a research could be used to implement workforce policies and strategies, which will aid in the retention of dental staff and prevent brain drain. Ultimately, this would ensure that oral health status of the Pacific is not compromised.


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