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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 230-242

Effect of Miswak versus standard preventive measures for caries control of young Egyptian adults: A randomized controlled clinical trial

1 Faculty of Dentistry, 6 October University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Shereen Hafez Ibrahim
Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, 11 EL-Saraya St. Manial, Cairo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_359_21

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Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of Miswak in comparison with standard caries preventive measures for the prevention of new carious lesions in high caries risk patients. Materials and Methods: In this randomized control clinical trial, 26 participants per group of dental students aged from 18 to 25 years were recruited with high caries risk based on sample size calculation. The DMF score was determined. Plaque index was recorded at baseline and after 1 year. Participants were randomized into one control group and two intervention groups. The control group (Group 1) used the standard oral hygiene measures. Group 2 used Miswak only, whereas Group 3 used Miswak plus toothbrush and toothpaste. Data were collected and statistically analyzed with the significance level set at P ≤ 0.05 within all tests. Results: Caries risk assessment revealed that at baseline, there was no statistically significant difference in plaque index score distribution between the different study groups (P = 0.532). At baseline, there was no statistically significant difference in DMF counts distribution between the different study groups (P = 0.268 in D counts, and P = 0.268 in F counts). There were no new lesions detected in all groups at different evaluation times. Conclusions: Using Miswak as a natural product solely is as effective and safe as using the standard oral hygiene measures combined. The use of a time-saving preventive regimen could be promising for the compliance of the high caries risk population.

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