Journal of International Oral Health

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 115--120

Oral health-related quality of life and the index of orthodontic treatment need to evaluate the association of patients' self-perceived need and normative need toward orthodontic treatment


Renjith George1, Renu Sarah Samson2, Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe3, Preethy Mary Donald4, Wang Liang Hui1, Pang Khai Ling1, Kalpana Saseendran1 
1 Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Malaysia
2 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Malaysia
3 Department of Community Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Melaka, Malaysia
4 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Renjith George
Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Melaka
Malaysia

Aims: To assess oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients with malocclusion and to measure the association of OHRQoL with orthodontic treatment need. Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised 290 participants aged 13 to 30 years, attending orthodontic clinics at the Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College (MMMC). The participants were asked to complete the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), after which clinical examinations were conducted to assess normative orthodontic treatment needs using the Dental Health Component (DHC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). Results: A total of 290 adolescent and young adults participated in this study. The mean overall score for OHIP-14 was 11.8(±8.0). There was no significant association of oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) between different age groups, gender, ethnicities and education levels. There was no significant association between age, gender, ethnicity, education level and orthodontic treatment need. Also, there was no significant association of OHIP-14 score between no treatment need and little treatment need. However, OHIP-14 score was significantly higher in borderline treatment need compared to no treatment need (6.06, 95% CI 1.07, 11.04), little treatment need (3.95, 95% CI 1.75, 6.16) while high treatment need had significantly higher OHIP-14 score than borderline treatment need (7.13, 95% CI 3.46, 10.80). Conclusion: Malocclusion has a significant negative impact on OHRQoL. There is a significant association in mean overall OHIP score when comparing high orthodontic treatment needs and with no treatment needs. This study did not find any significant association in orthodontic treatment needs in relation to age groups, gender, ethnicities and education level.


How to cite this article:
George R, Samson RS, Soe HH, Donald PM, Hui WL, Ling PK, Saseendran K. Oral health-related quality of life and the index of orthodontic treatment need to evaluate the association of patients' self-perceived need and normative need toward orthodontic treatment.J Int Oral Health 2018;10:115-120


How to cite this URL:
George R, Samson RS, Soe HH, Donald PM, Hui WL, Ling PK, Saseendran K. Oral health-related quality of life and the index of orthodontic treatment need to evaluate the association of patients' self-perceived need and normative need toward orthodontic treatment. J Int Oral Health [serial online] 2018 [cited 2021 Apr 16 ];10:115-120
Available from: https://www.jioh.org/article.asp?issn=0976-7428;year=2018;volume=10;issue=3;spage=115;epage=120;aulast=George;type=0